Brief geography of Turkey (Türkiye)

      The only country in the world in two continent. Southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia. The European and Asian sides are divided by the Bosphorus (Istanbul Bogazi), the Sea of Marmara (Marmara Denizi), and the Dardanelles (Çanakkale Bogazi).

      Geographic coordinates:
      39 00 N, 35 00 E

      Area in the world:
      Eastern Europe/Middle East

      Surface total:
      780,580 sq km (770,760 sq km land plus 9,820 sq km water in lakes)

      Total of coastline:
      7,200 km (4,369 mi)

      Bordering Black Sea (Karadeniz) in the north, Mediterranean Sea (Ege denizi) in the south, and Aegean Sea (Akdeniz) in the west, plus sharing borders with 7 countries: Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Iraq, Iran and Syria.

      Anatolia (Anadolu) is a high plateau region rising progressively towards the east, and is broken by the valleys of about fifteen rivers, including the DICLE(Tigris) and the FIRAT (Euphrates).

      In the north, the eastern Black Sea Mountain chain runs parallel to the Black Sea (Karadeniz); in the south, the Taurus Mountains (Toros daglari) sweep down almost to the narrow, fertile coastal plain along the sea coast.

      Turkey enjoys a variety of climates, changing from the temperate climate of the Black Sea region, to the continental climate of the interior, then, to the Mediterranean climate of the Aegean and Mediterranean coastal regions.

      Mostly mountains; narrow coastal plain; high central plateau of Anatolia (Anadolu).

      Van, Tuz, Egirdir, Beysehir, Iznik, Aksehir, Burdur, Sakarya, Kus, Ulubat, Abant, Gölbasi, Çildir da Keban dam

      Elevation extremes:
      Lowest point : Mediterranean Sea, 0(zero) mt
      Highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 mt

      Natural resources:
      Coal, Chromium, Mercury, Copper, Borate, Sulfur, Iron ore, Hydropower


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      This website launched: Aug.25, 2003 / Updated: Feb.21, 2008